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Dengue fever infection in Saudi Arabia - What is dengue fever and how to prevent it?

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Dengue fever infection in Saudi Arabia - What is dengue fever and how to prevent it?
29/10/2017
  • Pest Control

Is dengue fever deadly? Is dengue fever a contagious disease? Well, we'll talk in the following lines about dengue fever infection in Saudi Arabia and what causes it to spread so much from one place to another and more importantly how to treat this problem in effective and safe ways.

Dengue fever infection in Saudi Arabia - What is dengue fever and how to prevent it?

According to medical studies and research, which pointed out that dengue fever from health crises that attack the cells of the body due to the presence of certain types of viruses, which spread around you because of mosquitoes that is one of the types of dangerous household insects?

When a person is exposed to dengue fever, he or she has a range of symptoms and severe side effects, including headache, fever, severe muscle and joint pains, fatigue and persistent tiredness. The patient may also experience enlarged glands with signs of rash. Not only are there also some cases of bleeding gums with severe pain behind the eyes.

Although dengue fever may affect people of different age groups, there are some medical statistics that have confirmed that dengue fever may affect people with impaired immune system. Because it is caused by one of five specific types of dengue virus; the patient may suffer from this problem several times.

Dengue cases may also suffer from some abnormalities due to severe pain in joints, muscles, and bones, so this health crisis is known as one of the severe disorders that affect human life to a large extent.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is the most severe type of viral disease. Once a person has been afflicted with the disease, he may have a variety of side effects, including headache, rashes, signs of bleeding on the body's cells, and a range of bumps, red spots and pimples. The patient may experience bleeding in the nose or gums. These signs indicate that dengue hemorrhagic fever is a life-threatening disorder. If the disease is not treated immediately, it may develop into a dengue shock syndrome.

What geographical areas are at risk of dengue fever?

Medical data have shown that dengue fever is widespread throughout the tropics and sub-tropics. In the Caribbean, Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, Central America, and Cuba, the disease has spread to tourism and communicable diseases The crisis, where more sick cases were obtained by tourists returning from Dengue-affected areas including Singapore, the South Pacific, the Philippines, Southeast Asia, the West Indies and India, has now reached the Middle East.

In the period from January to July 2017, Sri Lanka reported 80,732 cases of dengue fever, of which 215 were fatal.

India also reported the spread of dengue fever in New Delhi between 1,872 cases of the disease in 2015.

Also in Thailand there are 126 deaths and 135,344 cases of dengue fever.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted that from 1946 to 1980 no cases of dengue fever had been reported in the continental United States, but by the beginning of 1980 there were minor cases of people living with the disease along the Texas-Mexico border, sporadic period the crisis spread among several neighboring Mexican cities.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 390 cases of dengue fever are found in all countries of the world, and at least 96 million of these cases require immediate treatment, including 500,000 of those with dengue hemorrhagic fever, one of the most serious forms of feces. In addition, the organization confirmed that there are 22,000 deaths a year, most of them children due to dengue fever.

Is dengue fever infectious? Is dengue transmitted from person to person?

People get dengue fever as a result of exposure to annoying nuisance mosquitoes that cause the transmission of one of the most dangerous viruses to humans. Mosquito insects grow and thrive during rainy seasons but also multiply near water-filled flowers throughout the year, one bite of mosquitoes can cause the disease.

Doctors say dengue fever is not an infectious disease and can not be transmitted from one person to another. Only mosquitoes can transmit the disease. This means that a full life cycle of this virus depends on the mosquitoes, "carriers of the disease and source of infection for humans."

Once a person has been exposed to mosquito bites, there is a so-called Dengue incubation period of 3 to 15 days before signs and symptoms of dengue appear at different stages

What are the symptoms of dengue fever in Jeddah and its signs?

The symptoms of dengue fever appear at different stages where doctors said that this health crisis starts with symptoms of chills with pain in the back of the eyes, which increases as soon as you move the eyes, the patient also feels anorexia and unwillingness to eat.

One of the symptoms of dengue fever in the next stage feeling pain in the back, legs and joints, these symptoms begin in the early hours of the disease.

Not only that, the patient may also experience a high temperature up to 40 degrees with a relatively low heart rate, low blood pressure, red eyes and the appearance of rash marks on the body's cells.

Dandruff is also affected by the lymph nodes, where the patient is affected by the lymph nodes in the neck and is often swollen.

Dengue fever lasts for two to four days, followed by a rapid drop in body temperature with excessive sweating. After at least one day, the body temperature returns to normal and then rises very quickly.

There are signs of rash that appear on the cells of the body, which result in severe itching with fever, these marks from the limbs to reach the whole body except the face, in addition to swelling and redness of the affected area rash.

What tests do doctors use to diagnose dengue?

Dengue fever is usually diagnosed when the patient has known clinical symptoms such as headaches, high fever, eye pain, severe muscle pain, and signs of rashes.

The doctor also depends on the history of the patient from the onset of these signs for the first time; it is often difficult for the doctor to diagnose the disease because the symptoms are similar to the symptoms of many other viral symptoms.

Doctors also rely on a blood test to detect the presence of human immunoglobulin (DENV), the FDA said. This test may give a positive result when a person is infected with a specific virus that has caused dengue fever.

What is the treatment of dengue fever?

As we mentioned earlier that dengue fever attacks humans because of certain types of serious viruses, and that is why there are no specific antibiotics to treat them, in addition to the absence of antiviral drugs that cause dengue fever.

Doctors rely on therapeutic methods to reduce the severity of the disease and the signs and side effects that accompany them. Therapeutic methods often include rest with certain medications given to the patient by mouth.

Your doctor may also recommend pain relievers such as aspirin and anti-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But be aware; it is necessary not to take these drugs without consulting the specialist doctor because it may lead to serious side effects such as bleeding.

For headaches and joint and muscle pain, patients can take acetaminophen, codeine and others. For cases that end the disease, there is a certain type of fluid recommended by the doctor to prevent infection again.

Studies and scientific research have suggested that papaya extract may be effective dengue treatments, as regular intake of this herb may help reduce the severity of the disease and cause more serious side effects.

How Long Does Dengue Continue?

Medical reports and statistics show that cases of acute dengue fever associated with muscle pain persist for a period of at least one to two weeks after complete treatment may take several weeks to return to normal.

What is the diagnosis of typical dengue fever?

Diagnosis of dengue depends on the symptoms mentioned in the previous lines. In the worst case, these symptoms persist for at least two weeks before the patient has fully recovered from the virus.

For dengue fever, which threatens the lives of at least 1% of dengue fever cases, while dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes at least 2.5 deaths, means that if dengue hemorrhagic fever is neglected, Life is at risk Medical statistics have shown that the mortality rate ranges from 20% to about 50%.

What is Dengue hemorrhagic fever?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a specific syndrome that affects children over the age of ten years. In this case, there are a number of side effects including abdominal pain, bleeding and breakdown of the circulatory system, as well as a feeling of high temperature with constant headaches.

The person with dengue hemorrhagic fever also suffers from respiratory and intestinal disorders with sore throat, persistent cough, nausea, frequent vomiting, and abdominal pain.

About six days after the onset of Dengue hemorrhagic fever symptoms, the patient experiences shock with sudden collapse, limpness, weak heartbeat and the appearance of blue marks around the mouth.

The person with this type of virus suffers from myocarditis with pneumonia, nasal bleeding, and gingivitis. These are among the most common signs of dengue hemorrhagic fever.

For this reason, many doctors recommended monitoring cases of foot-and-mouth disease closely during the first few days after the shock or intermittent recurrence, which doctors know as dengue shock syndrome.

The patient may need to transfer blood to control the bleeding, but in the case of suffering from the collapse of the blood vessels need to replace fluids immediately.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed that the mortality rate in cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever is about 2.5%. This may occur with some cases that seek treatment, while those who do not receive treatment immediately may increase the mortality rate to 20%.

Is it possible to prevent dengue fever?

Prevention of dengue fever requires control of mosquitoes. This is because it is the only means to transfer viruses to humans. Some countries that suffer from dengue fever at a large rate resort to the use of control services to eliminate mosquitoes and prevent the spread of viruses among many cases.

You can get rid of stagnant water that mosquitoes use to keep their eggs, which in this way may prevent the growth and reproduction of mosquitoes and may be able to eliminate it easily.

International organizations also recommend the use of lethal control pesticides that can kill mosquitoes safely and effectively without exposing your family to any kind of risk.

In the following lines, we will talk about ways to eliminate mosquitoes. In this way, you may be able to fully protect your family from dengue fever or exposure to side effects.

How to get rid of mosquitoes?

If you want to protect your family from exposure to dengue, it is necessary to ensure that the mosquitoes in your home are killed. This is why it is necessary to follow the following treatment methods:

  1.  Removal of stagnant water:

Standing water is a safe haven for mosquitoes from harsh conditions, so if you have a stagnant water source in the yard, remove it immediately before the insect spreads around the entire house.

  1. The use of camphor:

Camphor is one of the natural herbs used to expel mosquitoes outside the house. All you have to do is keep the camphor in your room and then make sure to close the windows and doors well and burn this plant and after fifteen minutes at least you will notice the disappearance of mosquitoes from your home and surrounding areas.

  1. Close the entry points:

In order for any insect to enter your home it uses certain ports, for example, openings in doors and windows, cracks and spaces in the walls and others, and for this reason make sure to close these outlets to prevent the presence of this insect in your home.

  1. The use of neem oil:

Nimes is also effective natural oils that are used in the treatment and elimination of mosquitoes. Finally, many specialized control experts recommend using this material several times to get rid of mosquitoes quickly.

You can get oil from local markets and use it in areas where the insect is frequent, after a very short period you will notice the disappearance of the insect permanently

  1. Use of basil:

Another natural way to eliminate mosquitoes is to plant basil in your yard. Fortunately, mosquitoes cannot smell the basil and therefore have no choice but to leave the house.

  1.  Cleaning the garbage:

Neglecting cleaning the house on a daily basis may create a lot of anarchy and this is characteristic of household insects so that it can grow and spread away from the inconvenience of humans or predators and for this reason it is necessary to get rid of garbage on a daily basis so as not to provide the insect source of food or shelter depend on the cycle Her life.

But if you are looking for an effective solution to protect your family from exposure to dengue fever you will not find better contact with the mosquito control company in Jeddah, the company adopts the latest methods and equipment that help eliminate mosquitoes completely and in this way get rid of the only way to transfer the virus and therefore you can protect Your family is full.

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